Typhoon Haiyan, locally known as Yolanda, made initial landfall in Eastern Samar, Philippines on November 8, 2013. The storm tracked across the Visayas region, bringing high winds, torrential rain and storm surge, ultimately impacting up to 11.5 million people. Assessments on the full impact of the storm continue as relief efforts are scaling up in the most affected areas. The Philippines is a highly disaster-prone country and has been hit by several major storms this year as well as a 7.2 magnitude earthquake in October.
• The American Red Cross is deploying five additional disaster specialists to support the response. These specialists are in addition to the four American Red Cross disaster specialists who are currently on the ground providing assistance with telecommunications and assessments.
• As initial assessments conclude, the primary needs that are emerging are for shelter, water, healthcare, basic household supplies and logistics support.
NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
People affected 8-11.5 million people* UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) – 11/13/13
Republic of the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council – 11/13/13
Global Red Cross Network Appeals:
International Federation − 11/12/13
ICRC – 11/12/13
American Red Cross Commitment $6 million American Red Cross − 11/13/13
• The President of the Philippines declared a state of national calamity on November 11. The areas most affected by the typhoon are the provinces of Samar, Leyte, Cebu, Iloilo, Capiz, Aklan and Palawan.
• In addition to a lack of available food, water and fuel, infrastructure damage continues to hamper access to the most affected areas. The government has reported that some airports have resumed operations and many roads and bridges that were previously blocked are now passable. Efforts to restore communication networks and power are ongoing.
• Delayed access to affected populations is a serious humanitarian concern because it can contribute to the deterioration of health and nutrition of the affected population and can increase the potential for disease outbreaks.
• Evacuation centers in remote areas remain in need of food, water, medicines and relief supplies. An estimated 500,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed and an estimated 2.5 million people are in need of food assistance. Health facilities across the affected area are severely damaged and lack personnel and supplies. Of the 38 health facilities assessed to date, 18 are not currently functioning.
MAP OF AFFECTED AREA: Philippines Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) – IFRC – November 12, 2013
AMERICAN RED CROSS RESPONSE
• The American Red Cross has committed an initial $6 million in support of the global Red Cross response.
• The American Red Cross is deploying five additional disaster specialists to support this response. This includes a team to deliver household goods to affected communities.
• These five specialists are in addition to the four disaster specialists with expertise in relief, information management and IT/telecommunications who are currently on the ground. The American Red Cross IT/Telecommunications team currently on the ground deployed with a Voice & Data satellite (VSAT), which is being used to facilitate communication between the response teams.
• American Red Cross chapters are working with global Red Cross partners to reconnect family members separated by the typhoon.
• The American Red Cross is in communication with the Philippine Red Cross and global Red Cross and Red Crescent partners. It continues to assess the situation, and stands ready to provide additional assistance as needed.
GLOBAL RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT NETWORK RESPONSE
Philippine Red Cross:
• The Philippine Red Cross is staffing evacuation centers, assisting in search and rescue efforts, performing assessments, and providing food and relief items to affected communities. It is also helping to reconnect family members and loved ones who were separated by the storm.
• The Philippine Red Cross also helped evacuate more than 125,000 families to safer shelters before the storm hit.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (International Federation):
• The International Federation has issued an appeal for $78 million to assist 500,000 people, over 18 months, through the distribution of relief items, repair and rebuilding of shelters, provision of healthcare, ensuring access to clean water and sanitation systems, and helping communities rebuild and better prepare for future disasters. Assessment teams are on the ground in the worst affected areas.
• The International Federation is coordinating the deployment of specialized Red Cross emergency response teams with expertise in logistics, disaster assessment, water and sanitation, IT/telecommunications, and health. It is also mobilizing pre-positioned relief supplies such as blankets, water containers, hygiene kits and food packages from other parts of the Philippines and overseas.
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC):
• In addition to issuing an appeal for $16.4 million to support the Philippine Red Cross response operation, ICRC teams on the ground are distributing relief supplies, helping Philippine Red Cross teams reconnect families, and continuing ongoing programs. The International Federation, the ICRC and Philippine Red Cross are working together closely to coordinate response efforts.
• Philippine Government: The President of the Philippines declared a state of national calamity on November 11. Before the storm struck, the government deployed personnel and stocks of relief supplies to the affected areas, and has established command posts to coordinate emergency relief operations.
• United Nations: The UN cluster system has been activated, with UN, Red Cross and NGO partners working together to coordinate assistance. The UN Humanitarian Country Team and the UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination teams have been deployed to Tacloban, Iloilo and Busanga to support rapid needs assessment, support coordination and re-establish communication networks.
* Reports on the number of people affected by Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines range from 8 million (Republic of the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council) to 11.5 million (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs).
The information in this report is compiled from a number of sources including the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the U.S. Agency for International Development and involved Red Cross and Red Crescent national societies. The American Red Cross strives to provide the most accurate and timely information possible; however, all information should be considered conditional until a final report has been issued.
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